The cooperation between VASS and the RVP began in the early 1990s after the academic visit of George F. McLean, Vincent Shen and Tran Van Doan. Since then the two institutions have initiated a series of conferences, publications, seminar participations (about 10 members took part in the RVP annual seminars), etc. This conference was the continuation of such a long-term effort.
The conference focused on the issue of social solidarity and democracy. Ac- cording to the conference description the United Nations Millennium Declara- tion (2000) recognizes solidarity as one of the fundamental values of international relations in the 21st Century. In terms of values, ideas, views, interests and norms, social soli- darity can be understood as a binding force for cooperation of equal members in a community or society to work together in order to achieve the common goal of social development. Solidarity is also a core principle of religious social teachings which emphasizes shared responsibilities and com- mitments to enable everyone to develop his or her own potentials and capacities. It is about respect for and promotion of human dignity and rights of each member in society.
In Vietnam, social solidarity has become the main driving force for the national development in the context of globalization and international integration, because it creates the joint aspirations and forces of different social strata and communities of Vietnamese society. In the multi-cultural and multi-religious situation, social solidarity has been the source of strength of many peoples and the decisive factor of guaranteeing the sustainable achievement of the Vietnamese social construction and safeguarding the homeland of the Vietnamese people. In this light, social solidarity and social development have quite close relationship. The Conference had the following subtopics: 1. The relationship between social solidarity and social development; 2. Social solidarity and social develop- ment in the multi-cultural context (cultural traditions); 3. The role of the state in promoting social solidarity and social development; 4. Social solidarity, social development and market economy; 5. The role of social organizations in promoting social solidarity for social development; and 6. Global solidarity and sustainable development.
The conference was held in Ha Long Bay, a beautiful coast city about 150 km from Hanoi and a designated World Heritage Site in 1994. At the opening Pham Van Duc and João J. Vila-Chã spoke on behalf of VASS and the RVP. Quang Ninh, the head of the Ha Long Bay province welcomed the participants. The first plenary session chaired by Pham Van Duc and João J. Vila-Chã was present- ed by Dang Nguyen Anh (VASS) “The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Social Solidari- ty and Social Development in Vietnam,” João J. Vila-Chã “The City as Modality of Being-in-the- World: Urbanization and the Challenges of Sustainability,” Nguyen Trong Chuan (VAS S ) “Social Solidarity Is the Crucial Premise for Sustainable Development in Vietnam in the Era of Digital Transformation and Artificial Intelligence.” The second plenary session moderated by Dang Ngu- yen Anh and John Farina (George Mason University) was presented by the following speakers: Luong Dinh Hai (VAS S ) “Social Solidarity and Social Development in the New Context of Vietnam Today,” Sandip Chatterjee (Bengal Institute of Technology and Management, India) “Global Soli- darity for Sustainable Development: The Role of Religion in the Light of Hinduism and Buddhism,” Nguyen Thi Lan Huong (VASS ) “The Role of Religion in Social Solidarity for Sustainable Develop- ment: A Case Study on Religions in Southwest Vietnam.”
The third plenary session was chaired by Vo Khanh Vinh (VASS) and Dariusz Dobrzański with the follow presentations: John Farina “Metapolitics and the Sources of Social Solidarity,” Ho Viet Hanh (GASS ) “Social Solidarity and the Role of the State on Social Solidarity,” Dariusz Dobrzański “Successes and Failures of the Solidarity Movement,” Hoang Thuc Lan (VAS S ) “Promoting the Role of the State on Building the Great National Unity Block in Vietnam Today.” The fourth plenary session chaired by Nguyen Trong Chuan and Luong Dinh Hai was presented by Ho Sy Quy (VASS) “Vietnamese Culture Today: The Positive Change and the Obstacles to Social Development and So- cial Solidarity,” P.K. Pokker (Calicut university, India) “Citizen of the Global Village and Multi- culturalism: The Roots of Philosophical Understanding,” Fatchiah Kertamuda (University of Para- madina, Indonesia) “Social Solidarity ‘Gotong-royong’ in the Context of Indonesia Culture.”
The fifth plenary session was moderated by Ho Si Quy and Ho Viet Hanh with the presenta- tions by Nguyen Ngoc Ha (VASS) “Social Solidarity: Some Theoretical and Practical Issues in etnam,” Jiang Yanyang (Yangzhou University, China) “Geopolitical Risk and Measures of Pakistan from The Belt and Road Perspective: Take China-Pakistan Economic Corridor as An Example,” Tran Nguyen Viet (VAS S ) “Social Solidarity as a Traditional Value and its Role in Social Develop- ment Conditions in Vietnam.” The sixth plenary session was hosted by Bui Nguyen Khanh (GASS) and Nguyen Nhu Phat (VASS) and presented by Nguyen Anh Tuan (VASS) “An Outline of the So- lution to Build Social Solidarity,” Sukla Chatterjee (West Bengal S tate University, India) “Nature, Women and Eco-feminism,” and Wu Jiahua (Yangzhou University, China) “A Review of the Re- search on the ‘the Belt and Road’ Communication in Overseas Media.”
At the closing session Pham Van Duc and João J. Vila-Chã summarized the entire conference and gave concluding remarks respectively. Bui Nguyen Khanh, Vice-President of Graduate Academy of Social Sciences, Tran Tuan Phong, Vice Director of Institute of Philoso- phy of VASS and Nguyen Ngoc Toan, Head of Department of Personnel, Scientific Manage- ment and International Cooperation of GASS coordinated the preparation of the conference. After the conference some of the participants visited Ha Long Bay as well as Hanoi.